Tall Shrubs

Image
Name
Description
Bebb / Diamond Willow

Bebb / Diamond Willow

Salix bebbiana

  • Large shrub about 5m tall and 3-4 m wide at the top.
  • Long wide leaves vary in texture from shiny to hairy.
  • Pussy willows (male catkins) bloom in mid spring, turning bright yellow with pollen as they mature.
  • Older growth is grey, but young branches vary in colour from brown reddish.

Landscape Use

Special Conditions

Blackbud Willow

Blackbud Willow

Salix petiolaris

  • Variable in height, from 2-3m tall and wide.  Round form.
  • Narrow dark green leaf with yellow colour.
  • Very tiny, subtle pussy willows (male catkins) appear before leaves in mid spring and line the branch like droplets of water
  • Fine twigs vary from yellow to orange to red.  Outstanding winter colours.

Landscape Use

Special Conditions

Chokecherry

Chokecherry

Prunus virginiana

  • Tall shrub to 4-5m that suckers to form a 3-4m wide plant.
  • All native seed sourced species have large green leaves.
  • Small white flowers in down hanging racemes appear in early spring before leaves.
  • Clusters of purple fruit in the fall.

Landscape Use

Special Conditions

Elderberry

Elderberry

Sambucus racemosa

  • Tall lanky shrub to 2m high and wide.
  • Long pithy branches with long internodes.
  • Large succulent compound leaves, variable leaf margins from smooth to deeply toothed.
  • Large clusters of small creamy white flowers at the end of the branches appear in early summer, followed by large clusters of red fruit in fall.
  • Big fat purple buds are noticeable just before leaf break.

Landscape Use

Special Conditions

Green / Slide Alder

Green / Slide Alder

Alnus crispa

  • Multi-stemmed plant to 3m tall and 2m wide
  • Dark shiny green leaves in the summer
  • Persistent catkins; male and female catkins on the same plant start blooming in late winter or very early spring; female catkins cone-like 1-2 cm long, persistent after seed has shed, hanging in groups of 3-6
  • Smooth grey bark similar to River Alder

Landscape Use

Special Conditions

Pussy Willow

Pussy Willow

Salix discolor

  • Large shrub, 2-4m in height and 2-3m in width.
  • Leaves are typically long and narrow, dark green turning bright yellow in fall.
  • Traditional soft silver pussy willow (male catkin) flowers in early spring before leaves
  • Young wood is light to dark red, older wood has silvery bloom (coating)

Landscape Use

Special Conditions

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Sandbar Willow

Salix interior

  • Will grow 3-4m tall, and half an acre wide.
  • Forms tall dense clumps.  Branches have an individual upright growth habit.
  • Dark green leaves are long and slender, which gives the plant a very fine texture that looks good in the wind.
  • Small, fairly insignificant pussy willow (male catkin) that appears in late spring.
  • Winter wood is a subtle pinkish to orangey

Landscape Use

Special Conditions

Saskatoon

Saskatoon

Amelanchier alnifolia

  • Much-branched tall shrub to 6m.  Species shows some variability, height can range from 1m to 6 m.
  • Forms loose patches, can sucker to form a grove.
  • Small white flowers in clusters in early spring prior to leaves.  Sweet dark purple fruit.
  • Fall colours range from oranges to reds.

Landscape Use

Special Conditions

Silver / Thorny Buffaloberry

Silver / Thorny Buffaloberry

Shepherdia argentea

  • Up to 4m tall, forming thickets up to 4m wide
  • Densely branched with thorny tips
  • Bright silvery long narrow leaves
  • Very small 2mm yellow flower close to the interior branches on older wood bloom in late spring and last only about 2 days
  • Red berry 4mm in diameter found in clusters along the branches
  • Winter appearance is a large, smoky grey planting

Landscape Use

Special Conditions

Silverberry / Wolf Willow

Silverberry / Wolf Willow

Elaeagnus commutata

  • Variable shrub from 1m to 3m tall.
  • Suckers aggressively to form groves.
  • Narrow silver leaves.
  • Small yellow flowers in late spring, very fragrant.
  • Fruit is a silver berry and persistent through the winter.
  • Silvery grey twigs stand out in winter.

Landscape Use

Special Conditions

Tawny Willow

Tawny Willow

Salix lucida

  • Grows 6-7m in height, relatively narrow at 2-3m wide.
  • Branchy, upright form.
  • Long narrow green leaf; newly emerging leaves are pinkish red.  Small, round leaflets at the base of the leaf stem.
  • Small, relatively insignificant pussy willows (male catkins) bloom in late spring.
  • Tawny bark with red buds.
  • Twigs are often darker red on the sunny side.

Landscape Use

Special Conditions